Guide to Breast Disease

Things You Need to Know

A Guide to Breast Disease


Breast tissue contains fat and connective tissue, lymph nodes, and blood vessels. The breast is made up of glands called lobules that can make milk and carry to the nipple via milk ducts.

The most common type of breast cancer is ductal carcinoma, which begins in the cells of the ducts. Breast cancer can also begin in the cells of the lobules and in other tissues in the breast. Invasive breast cancer is the type of breast cancer that can potentially spread from where it began in the ducts or lobules to surrounding lymph nodes and other distant sites.

Breast cancer in the United States is the most common cancer after skin cancer. Breast cancer occurs mostly in women , but can also occur in men, although rare. For example, each year there are about 230,000 new cases of breast cancer in women and only 2,200 in men.

Breast cancer is highest in white women for most ages however, African American women have higher incidence rates before 40 years of age and higher breast cancer mortality rates than women of any other racial/ethnic group in the United States at every age.

Studies have identified numerous risk factors for breast cancer in women, including increasing age, personal history of certain benign breast diseases or breast cancer, early menstruation, late menopause, never having been pregnant or having a first pregnancy after age 30, use of oral contraceptives, family history of breast cancer, presence of certain inherited genetic changes, history of radiation therapy to the chest, long-term use of combined hormone therapy, increased breast density, alcohol use, and obesity after menopause.

Risk factors for male breast cancer include obesity, genetic predisposition, use of hormonal treatment of prostate cancer, and the presence of excess breast tissue. Mammograms and clinical breast exams are commonly used to screen for breast cancer. Standard treatment options for breast cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, endocrine or anti-hormonal therapy, and targeted therapy.



A Guide to Breast Disease1. Benign Breast Disease
2. Malignancy of the Breast
3. Types of Breast Surgery/ Risks and Complications
4. Preparation for Surgery
5. Talking with Your Doctor
6. What Happens After Treatment for Breast Cancer
7. Breast Anatomy



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